Basic ophthalmological assessment

The basic ophthalmological assessment, which can be done in the private practice, comprises of visual acuity measurements with correction, the Amsler Grid test (test with squares) for determining metamorphopsia, an examination of the anterior segment with a slit lamp, a gonioscopy for early diagnosis of new vessels in the angle between the iris and the cornea, a tonometry (measurement of intraocular pressure), a fundoscopy by dilated pupils of eyes the doctor is able to examine the optic disc, the macula, vitreous and retinal periphery and a digital photograph, if feasible. The photograph of the fundus records the patient's clinical presentation and in doing so we can monitor any progression of the disease.

The visit to the ophthalmologist should be take place every 6 months, unless there are reasons for more frequent monitoring and provided there are no changes in the fundus. If there are changes, it is advisable for visits to be carried out every 3 to 4 months. This will make it possible to prevent damage in time and to find any evidence for specific paraclinical tests such as fluoroangiography and OCT.