Initially, we use local anaesthetic drops and a medicine that allows the pupil to dilate.
This is the preparation stage and lasts about 20 to 30 minutes.
Following this, we use a special tool, which keeps the eyelashes open and it is then, that the main phase of the surgery starts.
At first, we tear a small hole of 2-3 millimeters in the cornea of the eye.
Using a special needle or forceps, we tear a circular incision in the anterior capsule that contains the opaque lens, (anterior capsulorhexis) and then using a syringe that contains saline solution we remove the lens from its capsule. (hydrodissection )
Now the lens is appropriately prepared , so that by means of a special Phacoemulsification probe, we break up the lens into fragments and emulsify it into liquid, using the energy of ultrasound waves. The resulting 'emulsion' is sucked away.
Irrigation and Aspiration follows. The cortex which is the soft outer layer of the cataract, is aspirated or sucked away from the capsule and the final step is, to insert the artificial intraocular lens.