Glaucoma is a group of diseases with the common feature of damage to the optic nerve, which is the "cable" carrying the visual impulses from the eye to the rest of the visual pathway and the brain.
To children glaucoma is usually present at birth (congenital glaucoma) or a few months after it and it is very rare after the first year of life. The exceptions are the children who were operated for cataract extraction. In this case the glaucoma may occur several years after surgery.
It is a very rare disease, and occurs only to 1 in 10,000 newborns.
Glaucoma and intraocular pressure
Most cases of glaucoma are due to increased eye pressure
Effects of glaucoma in the eyes and vision of the child
Edema and corneal clouding, Increase the size of the eye, Intense symptoms.
Glaucoma with other conditions
Most cases of glaucoma in childhood are individual and not associated with other diseases
Examining the child for glaucoma
The diagnostic test for glaucoma includes a series of tests
Treating glaucoma in children
The treatment of glaucoma in childhood is mainly by surgery.
The prognosis of children with glaucoma
As in the case of cataract, the vision that the child will eventually maintain depends on the degree of amblyopia, especially if the glaucoma is contralateral.